howtouselinux

3 Ways to Find File Owner in Linux

Table of Contents

 

In Linux, every file and folder belongs to a user and a group. This can be very helpful when you need to troubleshoot permissions issues. In this blog post, we will discuss three different ways to find the owner of a file or folder in Linux. Let’s get started!

The following Linux commands can be used to find file owner.

  • ls -l howtouselinux  # file owner is on the 3rd column
  • stat howtouselinux  # file owner is after udi
  • stat -c “%U %G” howtouselinux

 

Understanding the ownership of files in Linux

Linux file ownership is one of the most important concepts to understand when administrating a Linux system. Every file and folder on a Linux system has an owner and a group. The owner is the user who created the file or folder, and the group is the group to which the owner belongs. This can be very helpful when you need to troubleshoot permissions issues.

Find file owner with ls command in Linux

The best Linux command to find file owner is using “ls -l” command. Open the terminal then type ls -l filename in the prompt. The 3rd column is the file owner. The ls command should be available on any Linux system. It will list the file type, file permission, group, file size etc.

This command will show you all of the following information about a file or folder, including its owner.

  • File type
  • File permissions
  • Hard links
  • Ownership
  • Group
  • Size
  • Date and time

To use this method, simply type “ls -l filename”. Replace “filename” with the name of the file or folder you are looking for. For example, if I wanted to find the owner of a file called “testfile”, I would type “ls -l testfile”. In the following example, the owner of testfile is howtouselinux.

% ls -l testfile
-rw-r–r– 1 howtouselinux staff 0 3 3 21:04 testfile

check file owner with stat command in Linux

The second way to find the owner of a file or folder is by using the “stat” command. This command will show you even more information about a file or folder than ls -l.

stat is a command-line utility that displays detailed information about given files or file systems.stat accepts one or more input FILE names and includes a number of options that control the command behavior and output.

To use this method, simply type “stat filename”. For example, if I wanted to find the owner of a file called “testfile”, I would type stat testfile.

$ stat testfile
File: `testfile’
Size: 32 Blocks: 8 IO Block: 4096 regular file
Device: 801h/2049d Inode: 429064 Links: 1
Access: (0777/-rwxrwxrwx) Uid: ( 1000/ howtouselinux) Gid: ( 1000/ staff)
Access: 2012-07-27 17:49:05.682143441 +0300
Modify: 2012-07-01 03:58:02.848540175 +0300
Change: 2012-08-01 21:12:57.129819212 +0300

get file owner with stat command + two options in Linux

The third way to find the owner of a file or folder is by using the “stat” command with %U %G options. It will only display the owner and group of this file.

stat -c “%U %G” testfile
howtouselinux staff

How to change the owner of a file or folder in Linux?

You can use the chown command to change the owner of a file or folder in Linux. To use this command, simply type “chown username filename”. Replace “username” with the name of the user you want to be the owner, and replace “filename” with the name of the file or folder you want to change.

For example, if I wanted howtouselinux to be the owner of a file called “testfile”, I would type “chown howtouselinux testfile”. You can also use chown to change both the owner and group of a file or folder. To do this, simply type “chown username:groupname filename”.

Find all files owned by a certain user with Linux Find command

If you want to find all files owned by a certain user, use the “find” command.To do this, simply type “find / -user username”. Replace “username” with the name of the user who owns the file or folder you are looking for. For example, if I wanted to find the files whose owner is howtouselinux, I would type “find / -user howtouselinux”.

Linux commands for file owner and permission

  • You can use the ls command to list the owner of a file. For example, if you want to list the owner of the file foo.txt, you would type: ls -l foo.txt
  • You can use the chown command to change the owner of a file. For example, if you want to change the owner of the file foo.txt to the user bar, you would type: chown bar foo.txt
  • You can use the ls command to list the group of a file. For example, if you want to list the group of the file foo.txt, you would type: ls -l foo.txt
  • You can use the chgrp command to change the group of a file. For example, if you want to change the group of the file foo.txt to the group bar, you would type: chgrp bar foo.txt
  • You can use the ls command to list the permissions of a file. For example, if you want to list the permissions of the file foo.txt, you would type: ls -l foo.txt
  • You can use the chmod command to change the permissions of a file. For example, if you want to make the file foo.txt readable and writable by everyone, you would type: chmod 666 foo.txt
  • You can use the ls command to list the modification time of a file. For example, if you want to list the modification time of the file foo.txt, you would type: ls -l foo.txt
  • You can use the touch command to change the modification time of a file. For example, if you want to change the modification time of the file foo.txt to the current time, you would type: touch foo.txt

And that’s it! These are three different ways to find out who owns a file or folder in Linux. Do you have any other tips or tricks? Share them with us in the comments below! And don’t forget to check out our other blog posts for more Linux tips and tricks. Thanks for reading!

 

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Liquid Web Managed Word Press