howtouselinux

2 ways to create a directory in Linux

Table of Contents

Creating directories in Linux can be a little tricky, especially if you are not familiar with the command line. In this blog post, we will discuss two different ways to create directories in Linux: using the mkdir command and using the GUI. We will also provide tips on how to make it easier for you to create directories in Linux!

what is directory in Linux

A directory in Linux is a type of file system object that can be used to organize files. A directory can contain files and other directories. It is similar to a folder in Windows.

To create a directory in Linux, you can use the mkdir command or the GUI. The mkdir command is used to create directories from the command line, while the GUI allows you to create directories using a graphical interface.

create a directory with mkdir command in Linux

The best way to create a directory in Linux is using mkdir command. open the default terminal and type in the following command: mkdir directory_name. Replace directory_name with the name of the directory you want to create. Press enter. The new directory will be created under the current directory.

For example, if you wanted to create a directory called “test”, you would type in the following: mkdir test

You can also use the mkdir command to create multiple directories at once. You can use mkdir test1 test2 test3 to create 3 directories with one command.

The -p option stands for “parents” and it tells the mkdir command to create any necessary parent directories that don’t already exist.

For example, if you wanted to create a directory called “test” that was located in the “Documents” directory, you would type in the following: mkdir -p Documents/test

This would create the “Documents” directory if it didn’t already exist and then create the “test” directory inside of it.

ls command is used to list files or directories in Linux. If you want to list the files under a directory, you can use the ls command with the -l option. We can use this command ls -l ./ to check if the directory in created or not under the current working directory.

create a directory with GUI in Linux

You can also use the GUI to create directories in Linux. To do this, you will need to open your file manager. For example, if you are using the GNOME desktop environment, you would click on the “Files” icon that is located on the sidebar.

Once you have opened your file manager, you can create a new directory by clicking on the “New Folder” icon that is located in the toolbar. You can then type in a name for your new directory and click “Create”.

Tips to create directory in Linux

Try out these tips the next time you need to create a directory in Linux! With these methods, you should be able to easily create directories without any trouble.

  • When creating a directory in Linux, it is important to make sure that the name is spelled correctly and that there are no spaces in the name.
  • You can use the -p option with the mkdir command to create any necessary parent directories.
  • The ls command can be used to list the files inside of a directory.

 

More Linux commands about directory in Linux

The following are some additional Linux commands that can be used to manage directories:

  • rmdir: This command is used to delete directories. It can only be used if the directory is empty.
  • rm: This command is used to delete files.
  • chmod: This command is used to change the permissions of files and directories.
  • chown: This command is used to change the owner of a file or directory.
  • mv: This command is used to move or rename files and directories.
  • cp: This command is used to copy files and directories.

 

Linux commands for directory

  • To create a new directory: mkdir my_new_directory
  • To change into a directory: cd my_new_directory.To move to a specific directory, use the cd /path/to/directory command. Remember to use proper pathnames when using the cd command. For example, if you want to move into the /usr/local directory, you would use the following command: cd /usr/local. To move up one level in the directory tree, use the cd .. command. To move to your home directory, use the cd ~ command.
  • To list the contents of a directory: ls -l
  • To find out your current working directory: pwd

 

How to find out what is taking up so much size in my home directory?

There are a few ways to find out what is taking up so much space in your home directory. You can use the “du” command to check the size of each file and directory. Or, you can use the “find” command to list all of the files that are larger than a certain size.

Creating directories in Linux can be a little tricky, especially if you are not familiar with the command line. In this blog post, we have discussed two different ways to create directories in Linux: using the mkdir command and using the GUI. We have also provided tips on how to make it easier for you to create directories in Linux! Try out these methods and see which one works best for you.

Thanks for reading and happy learning!